Lincoln Law School in Bergen, Norway

Professor Duncan French and Dr Nathan Cooper recently visited Norway to discuss with the University of Bergen, one of the School’s new partners under the ERASMUS scheme. Taking part in their international day, they discussed future collaborations and met potential students.

Whilst in Bergen, Duncan and Nathan also gave a research seminar at the world-renown Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP) on the Sustainable Development Goals, the relevance of law and the overarching need for solidarity. Their work falls part of the wider research interests of the Lincoln Centre for Environmental Law and Justice.


British Society of Criminology Victims of Crime Symposium

Professor Matthew Hall delivers plenary address at British Society of Criminology Victims of Crime Symposium

Last week, Prof. Matthew Hall of Lincoln Law School delivered a closing plenary address at Northumbria University, Newcastle, to the annual Symposium of the British Society of Criminology’s Specialist Victims Network. In his talk, Prof. Hall discussed the future directions of victimology and how those working within this field might inform policy making in the context of recent political upheavals around the world: including Brexit and a general shift towards more nationalistic thinking. In particular, Prof. Hall challenged the audience – made up of leading thinkers in the study of victimisation as well as representatives of the victim support community and a number of police and crime commissioners – to think more broadly about the group we label as ‘victims’, reflecting more culturally-informed (rather than a legally informed) notions of ‘victimisation’, ‘suffering’ and ‘trauma’. Drawing on examples including the 96 victims who died as a result of the Hillsborough Football Stadium Disaster of 1989, the Ched Evans rape trials and the recent attention paid to historical child sexual abuse, Matthew argued that previous cultural and legal narratives about who ‘counts’ as a victim of crime is changing and that official pronouncements to this end are not as readily accepted. This has significant implications for those tasked with supporting victims both now and in the future. Prof. Hall also emphasised the importance of speaking to victims directly in order to learn more about their needs and to tailor support mechanisms appropriately.
Professor Hall said “This has been a wonderful day of debate and discussion, emphasising how far we have come in supporting victims whilst also exposing the work that is still needed to truly do right by victims of all kinds of crime, and indeed of wider social harms”.

Lincoln Contribution to celebrate world judge’s 90th birthday

Professor Duncan French, Head of Lincoln Law School and Professor of International Law, has recently contributed to a new book to celebrate the 90th birthday of His Excellency, Justice Christopher Weeramantry, a former Vice-President of the International Court of Justice.

Judge Weeramantry has had a long and distinguished judicial and academic legal career. Lincoln Law School was fortunate enough to host Judge Weeramantry in 2015 to celebrate the launch of the Lincoln Centre for Environmental Law and Justice.

Professor French noted: “I have met Judge Weeramantry numerous times, and he always speaks articulately and passionately about the role of international law in solving global challenges. It was a real honour to contribute to a book marking his 90th birthday.”

The collection is – One World, One Home, One Law for All : A tribute to Judge Christopher Weeramantry, Stamford Lake Publication

Weeramantry contribution


Diane Ryland: Animal Welfare Management

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Specification (TS) 34700
Animal welfare management – General requirements and guidance for organizations in the food supply chain, 01-12-2016 [ISO/TS 34700:2016(E)] has just been published, and is available at :

The drafting of this management tool has been the subject of negotiation in Working Group 16, prior to adoption by ISO Technical Committee 34 Food Products comprised of 78 Member Countries world wide. Diane Ryland, Senior Lecturer, Lincoln Law School, has attended and participated in three significant contributory Working Group 16 meetings held at the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), 12 Rue de Prony, Paris, in May 2015, December 2015 and September 2016, respectively [The OIE having Observer Status].

Its purpose is to provide requirements and guidance so as to ensure the welfare of animals raised for food or feed production. A primary objective is to facilitate the implementation of the animal welfare principles as described in the introduction to the recommendation for animal welfare of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (TAHC) (Chapter 7.1.) Its provisions apply to those aspects for which a species-specific animal welfare chapter has been adopted in the OIE TAHC, currently beef cattle, broiler chicken, and dairy cattle, production systems, together with the chapters on slaughter and transportation of animals. The scope will be revised and extended commensurate with the adoption/amendment of OIE TAHC animal welfare provision. It is also anticipated that its use will provide guidance for the implementation of public and/or private standards that meet at least the OIE TAHC, facilitative, thus, of the integration of animal welfare principles in business to business relations.

It is a landmark document, which presents very many opportunities, one of which is to act as a bridge between the public and private sphere in the setting and monitoring of animal welfare standards. Working towards the implementation of the animal welfare standards of the OIE, which are embedded in science, will serve to establish a minimum floor of animal welfare protection, and be a determinant of market access for agri-produce. It is to be hoped that, while meeting at least the animal welfare standards of the OIE TAHC, the scope then to elevate standards of animal welfare by private animal welfare standards and certification bodies will be practised in a global market for added value agricultural produce raising the threshold of animal welfare protection. Animal welfare governance has evolved into a hybrid concept and it will be a very interesting exercise to see how this Technical Specification will be used.

Call for Papers: Migration Conference- 10 April 2017

Call for Papers: Spaces and Places of the Journey to the UK: Assessing the Legal Framework for People Fleeing Conflict

This conference is motivated by the plight of people fleeing conflict, attempting to reach Europe, and more specifically, the UK. How does the UK government govern (globally) for refugees and how should it govern for refugees? We invite engagement from theoretical, legal and empirical research into refugee journeys to the UK. From the plight of people affected by conflict, to refugee camps, perilous water crossings, the Jungle, UK Border Force and the process of seeking asylum on arrival in the UK (including UK detention centres). This conference will establish an evidence base to help practitioners and to highlight issues specific to the UK government in the current ‘crisis’.
We welcome papers from academic and practitioner colleagues in law and related disciplines that consider how law helps or hinders the journey of refugees and the protections that they are offered at key points of transition. We welcome academics at all stages of their career, including PhD candidates and Early Career Researchers.

Keynote Speaker
Professor Satvinder Juss (King’s College London): Refugee Law in an Age of violent revolutions

What is the role of refugee law in the world today? Should violent revolutionaries from blood-soaked struggles in the Middle East be excluded from refugee status even when they are at risk? Are they terrorists? If so, what does that mean for the purposes of refugee law? What role does international criminal law (“ICL”) play in the development of international refugee law (“IRL”)? Should the two regimes be kept separate because they serve separate purposes? Or, should ICL be used only to complement refugee law? Through a discussion of the latest case-law, this essay analyses the arrival of new terms in refugee law, such as “individual responsibility” , “individually responsible for the crime”, “otherwise participate in the commission of crimes” for the purposes of ‘crimes against humanity’ and determining acts ‘contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations’ which already appear in refugee law.

Call for Papers
All interested scholars and practitioners are invited to submit a paper to the conference on one of the following topics:
– The UK’s obligations under UK and International Law towards people fleeing conflict and at points of transition between countries or legal orders.
– The legal rules on the provision of humanitarian protection and assistance to people on the move and at points of transition.
– Humanitarianism v. the State: Migration as an issue of national security or human security.
– Law as a solution or as a cause of emergency migration, refugee flows and internal displacement.
– Analysis of the practicalities of the journey.
– Any other related area that a presenter feels fits within the discussion will be considered.

This conference is being organised jointly by the University of Lincoln and Birmingham City University. It will be hosted by the University of Lincoln. Abstracts and enquiries of no more than 300 words should be sent to Dr Christy Shucksmith ( or Dr Scarlett McArdle ( by Monday 20th February 2017.